In Sub-Sahara Africa, the sector of informal micro-enterprises IMEs is already employing a large share of the labour force in both urban and rural areas. There are even indications that in the past decade it has been a source of employment and incomes for nine out of every 10 new entrants to the labour market. This study reviews the ways in which the owners and workers of IMEs have acquired the vocational and management skills that they are using in the operation of these ventures. It reviews the contributions of all the different training providers, including public sector training institutes, private sector training providers, and training centres run by NGOs and other non-profit organizations. Its findings confirm the notion that the training efforts of these formal training providers are only to a limited extent relevant for the IME operators, and that many of the poor and other vulnerable groups do not have ready access to these programmes. Informal apprenticeship training presents a number of important advantages: it is practical, hands-on training at an appropriate level of technology, takes place in the real world of work, offers good prospects for post-training employment and is essentially self-financing. The study concludes that there is a major challenge to improve the transfer of relevant skills to IME operators, through both pre-employment training and skills upgrading. In view of the scope of the challenge to provide hundreds of thousands IME owners and workers, as well as large numbers of out of school youths, with relevant practical and management skills, it suggests to build upon the strengths of the existing practices of informal apprenticeship training and to remedy its weaknesses by involving professional training providers in upgrading its training organization and delivery, quality and efficiency, and final training outcomes. It reviews the results of a number of innovative interventions in different African countries that are working in this direction. Skip to main content Skip to table of contents.
Robert Oppenheimer, the creator of the atomic bomb, a Jew who was also cast out, losing his security clearance by the U. Robert Oppenheimer is a winding, poetic meditation on passion, morality, science, betrayal, and lots of other decidedly un-atomic concepts. Phil Kilbourne portrays Oppenheimer, the physicist who spent the latter half of WWII holed up in Los Alamos, New Mexico, where he led an enormous team of scientists in designing, building, and testing the first atomic bomb. Throughout, Oppenheimer endures the taunting of Lilith Maria Asp , the spooky yet sexy primeval woman said in some Jewish mythology to have come before Eve. Daily headlines certainly proclaim this with cool starkness. He recommended that the only viable way to test the weapon was to drop it —as a surprise — on Hiroshima. As he recedes into history, Oppenheimer has become a symbol for many artists.
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Dana is new to the Third Place Books Ravenna store, but it already feels like home. I'm sure my father made sure I read some Vonnegut, but I can't remember which titles. I still have lines etched in my brain. The beauty of Pity the Reader is that you don't have to be an aspiring writer to find Kurt's advice helpful. You just have to be curious about how another human works his whole life to create smart, funny, deep art in the face of trauma. You just have to "be kind. Greta Helsing specializes in caring for the undead, and she does it with kindness, respect and good humor. That earns my respect. This is the first in a trilogy about a fantastical world in which the undead live next door, mummies require osteopathic fixes old bones turn to dust, you know? Vivian Shaw sprinkles allusions and homages to vampiric and horror canons of old throughout the series, but you don't have to get all the references to enjoy the story, and when you're done with this one, there are two more.
Courtesy of the photographer. In Snapshots of Dangerous Women, a charming book of found photographs dating from the first half of the 20th century and assembled by Peter J. They drink from bottles—beer or booze—and smoke cigarettes, sometimes a cigar. One smokes a pipe. The innocence of the images is joyful and bracing. Today, impudence has been replaced by vulgarity.