View research View latest news Sign up for updates. Snowden, Wichter, and Gray demonstrated that an Implicit Association Test and a Priming Task both predicted the sexual orientation of gynephilic and androphilic men in terms of their attraction biases towards pictures of nude males and females. For both measures, relative bias scores were obtained, with no information on the separate response biases to each target gender. The present study sought to extend this research by assessing both relative and individual implicit biases using the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure IRAP. Response latencies were recorded and analyzed. The IRAP revealed a non-orthogonal pattern of biases across the two groups and had an excellent ability to predict sexual orientation with areas under the curves of 1.
How much disparity is there in male and female nudity?
Hollywood is built on negotiations. Managers negotiate rates, stars negotiate their time. But actresses are often gifted an additional element to negotiate: the surrender of their bodies for the camera. Where a bare breast was once considered taboo, now audiences barely bat an eye at female nudity. Rather, Hollywood marketing and audience interest still encourages the consumption of female bodies, in spite of increased awareness of the male gaze and the continued statistics charting the lack of male nudity on-screen. Jennifer Lawrence and Scarlett Johansson have been vocal about their desire to be nude in their films. Lawrence felt empowered, and her experience should not be negated regardless of her decision. However these arguments fail to touch on how actresses remain the ones having to decide whether the audience can consume their bodies. The question is, why are these numbers the way they are if women are feeling more empowered about their decisions? Why are women still doing this at higher rates than their male costars, if not to satisfy assumedly male audiences and filmmakers who create reasons for female bodies to be exposed?
Study shows female film-makers made up 19% of top Hollywood jobs in 2015
Hollywood's ratings watchdog has begun specifically warning filmgoers that a movie contains male nudity — even though female nudity is simply flagged as "nudity. Is the MPAA being discriminatory, or just family-friendly? Is this a good idea? Gay-fearing Hollywood is frightened of naked men: The new warning is not just sexist, says Brian Patrick Thornton at Spangle Magazine , but homophobic, too. I suspect that naked woman are considered less problematic because "straight men are turned on by the sight, and women aren't turned off. How long before the MPAA introduces a "homosexual content" stamp? Parents need guidance, but this is overkill: All this spat proves is that the MPAA is susceptible to "stupidity, knee-jerk reactionism and rumor," says Cole Abaius at Film School Rejects.
RaVal Davis is an entertainment writer, actress, and advocate for body positivity. The opinions expressed in this commentary are her own. But it's what's happening behind the scenes that is changing the game on a more interesting frontier. Female writers like "Insecure's" Issa Rae and Erica Rivinoja and Tracy Oliver of "Girls Trip," are leveling the playing field when it comes to male and female nudity, by putting more naked men on our screens. It's just what Hollywood needs. Join us on Twitter and Facebook. Chat with us in Facebook Messenger. Find out what's happening in the world as it unfolds. More Videos